Lyme disease is one of the most common tick-transmitted diseases in the world. Ticks can carry a bacteria known as Borella, which causes the infectious Lyme disease. This disease is transmitted when ticks feed on infected animals like mice, deer and birds and then will pass the infection onto other animals when they get bitten by the tick.
Some common symptoms of Lyme disease include anything from general sickness or discomfort, lack of appetite, or lameness due to inflamed joints or depression. You should also beware if your pet seems sensitive to touch, has difficulties breathing, or displays symptoms of fever.
If you suspect that your pet could have Lyme disease, then you should book an appointment with your vet right away. Your vet will ask you several questions to understand your pet’s medical history during your appointment. Then, a variety of tests will be performed, including a fecal exam, urine analysis, blood tests, and x-rays. Your vet could also draw fluids from any joints that have been affected and analyze them for any symptoms of the disease.
Pets that are diagnosed with Lyme disease will usually be treated at home with you. Treatment will include at least a four-week course of antibiotics. However, your vet could also send you home with some prescription medications to help reduce the pain if the disease is causing your pet to experience any discomfort.
To prevent Lyme disease in your pet, you should prevent contact with ticks as much as possible. This goes a long way in helping your pet avoid this disease and help detect and control it when it is in its early stages. Giving your pet vaccines, sprays and products taken on a monthly basis are available to you, however, they are most effective when they are given to pets before they are exposed to the bacteria that causes Lyme disease.
If you live somewhere that Lyme disease is common, your vet could recommend some appropriate vaccines, boosters and parasite prevention treatments that your pet should undergo. While dogs cannot directly infect people, it is still possible for infected pets to bring ticks into the home, attach to other people or animals and transmit Lyme disease there. You should remove any ticks found on your dog right away to prevent Lyme disease and other types of diseases from spreading.